Synonyms: Banksia spinulosa var. Languages. Thiele and Ladiges' arrangement retained B. spinulosa in series Spicigerae, placing it alone in B. subser. A.S.George by taxonomy builder Banksia collina R.Br. A.S.George accepted: APC; Banksia spinulosa var. In 1996, Kevin Thiele and Pauline Ladiges published a new arrangement for the genus, after cladistic analyses yielded a cladogram significantly different from George's arrangement. Banksia spinulosa var. neoanglica and var. Banksia prionophylla F.Müll. Kingdom: Plantae. Taxonomy. Spathulatae. cunninghamii) and B. spinulosa, and before B. occidentalis (Red Swamp Banksia). ericifolia have been recorded at Pigeon House Mountain in Morton National Park. A spike may contain hundreds or thousands of individual flowers, each of which consists of a tubular perianth made up of four united tepals, and one long wiry style. Its floral display and fine foliage have made it a popular garden plant with many horticultural selections available. Banksia, and was divided into three sections, one of which was Oncostylis. Sowing: 1mm deep in well-draining medium.Cover very lightly with vermiculite. Banksia spinulosa collina # 4: Banksia spinulosa collina. collina (R.Br.) However, there has been disagreement whether one, var. Banksia spinulosa var. Banksia spinulosa collina Carnarvon Gold.jpg 500 × 452; 306 KB. spinulosa in having broader leaves 3–8 mm in width that have serrate margins. cunninghamii by its lignotuber and resultant multi-stemmed habit. Hairpin banksia; Banksia spinulosa var. Banksia spinulosa var. Photo - Linda Ross To improve soils to banksia-friendly condition, add gypsum or other soil conditioner or raise the soil level into a mound at least 30-60 cm above the pre-existing level. Spicigerae - Banksia subg. Banksia spinulosa ‘Honey Pots’. Improved in 24 Hours. Banksia spinulosa Sm. Canberra is also developing a National Arboretum. Banksia species Banksia spinulosa Name Synonyms Banksia collina R.Br. collina Sm. Description: Multistemmed shrub to 3 m high, lignotuber present; bark smooth to tesselated, grey-brown; branchlets tomentose to hirsute. [6] Banksia verae was renamed Eubanksia by Stephan Endlicher in 1847. collina" The following 10 files are in this category, out of 10 total. The pre-eminent authority on Banksia, Alex George, concedes there is still more work to be done on the Banksia spinulosa complex. A 1998 study in Bungawalbin National Park in Northern New South Wales found that B. spinulosa var. Spathulatae for the species having spoon-shaped cotyledons. [44], There are a number of commercial varieties available from Australian retail nurseries, four have been registered under plant breeders' rights legislation, and another with the Australian Cultivar Registration Authority. collina is a shrub that grows along the east coast of Australia, in Queensland and New South Wales.Commonly known as Hill Banksia or Golden Candlesticks, it is a taxonomic variety of B. spinulosa (Hairpin Banksia). Its leaves are broader than those of B. spinulosa var. It mainly grows in sand overlying sandstone, but also occurs in heavier soils. collina spinulosa var. Banksia spinulosa var. Russell Kightley Media PO Box 9150, Deakin, ACT 2600, Australia. [ 20 ] [ 21 ] It differs from B. spinulosa var. Oncostylis was further divided into four series, with B. spinulosa placed in series Spicigerae because its inflorescences are cylindrical. Leaf edges are either serrate for the entire leaf length (collina) or toward the apex only (spinulosa),[2] though the margins may be recurved and hence serrations not evident as in those from the Carnarvon Gorge. Banksia spinulosa var. The hairpin banksia is pollinated by and provides food for a wide array of vertebrate and invertebrate animals in the autumn and winter months. APNI* . [ 20 ] [ 21 ] It differs from B. spinulosa var. Banksias have been the subject of many studies about their pollination; B. spinulosa is no exception. Recent. A.S.George APNI*. Spathulatae. There a few isolated populations further north on the east coast of Queensland around Cairns. Widely sold in nurseries it is a popular garden plant. Family: Proteaceae. Banksia guentheri Regel Banksia ledifolia A.Cunn. Widely distributed, it is found as an understorey plant in open dry forest or heathland from Victoria to northern Queensland, generally on sandstone though sometimes also clay soils. Banksia spinulosa , sometimes known as Hairpin Banksia, is native to the three eastern States of Australia, extending along the coast from Victoria to Cairns and distributed from the coastline into forest areas of the Great Dividing Range, In coastal areas of New South Wales it tends towards a dwarfed habit but further in the mountains it is taller and more upright. Position: Open & sunny, well-drained.. The leaves are long and narrow with leaf edges rolled downwards so that serrations are not apparent. Ideal sowing temp: 18-22C.. collina Sm. With the recent trend towards smaller gardens, compact dwarf forms of Banksia spinulosa have become popular; the first available, Banksia 'Birthday Candles', has achieved a great deal of commercial success and wide recognition, and has been followed by several others. Banksia spinulosa in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Kuntze Homonyms Banksia spinulosa var. [17] Brown antechinus, sugar glider, and bush rat are also known to visit flowers. [34], Like other banksias, Banksia spinulosa plays host to a wide variety of pollinators and is a vital source of nectar in autumn, when other flowers are scarce. B. spinulosa var. collina 'Carnarvon Gold' is a medium to large shrub that grows to five metres tall. Growth Characteristics Height (m): 2 - 4 Spread (m): 2 - 5 Soil Texture: sand, loam, clay Characteristics: Shrub to 3 m spread 2 m. Seeds per packet: 5. cunninghamii, is distinct enough to once again have specific status. [41], Regular pruning is important to give the plant an attractive habit and prevent it from becoming leggy. This was determined to be a taxonomic synonym of B. collina shortly afterwards, and was formally declared a synonym of B. spinulosa var. cunninghamii lacks a lignotuber . The leaves are long and narrow with leaf edges rolled downwards so that serrations are not apparent. Text accompanying the figure states collina in northern Queensland have old spikes bare as opposed to them having persistent old flower parts in New South Wales and Victoria. collina (R.Br.) Alex George also reports that the taxon should be reviewed. [20] [21] It differs from B. spinulosa var. collina Sm. A.S.George is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of an infraspecific taxon* of the species Banksia spinulosa Sm. collina (R.Br.) Spathulatae for the species having spoon-shaped cotyledons. Alex George published a new taxonomic arrangement of Banksia in his landmark 1981 monograph The genus Banksia L.f. (Proteaceae). He called it "prickly-leaved banksia", though this name has fallen out of use. lat., Banksia spinulosa var. This can also happen where soil contains quantities of cement, either as landfill or building foundations, and can be treated with iron chelate or sulfate. Banksia spinulosa described on page 203. George's and Thiele and Ladiges' positioning of B. spinulosa var. View picture of Banksia Species, Hairpin Banksia (Banksia spinulosa var. * The Plant List does not attempt to include all infraspecific taxa. It was thus the seventh Banksia species collected, and the fifth described. Commonly known as Hill Banksia or Golden Candlesticks, it is a taxonomic variety of B. spinulosa (Hairpin Banksia)." It is uncertain exactly when he first collected the species; it may have been before 1790, as there is speculation that a sketch in his 1790 Journal of a Voyage to New South Wales is of a B. spinulosa infructescence. collina × Banksia spinulosa var. [13] This arrangement stood until 1999, when George effectively reverted to his 1981 arrangement in his monograph for the Flora of Australia series. collina and var. collina (Brown) George: Propose photo. Banksia. Family Proteaceae. in the genus Banksia (family Proteaceae). Record a … spinulosa and B. ericifolia subsp. Banksia spinulosa ‘Stumpy Gold’ A dense compact small shrub that is perfect for rockeries and smaller gardens, whether mass planted for dramatic effect, in small groups or in containers on the patio, veranda or deck. [16], As with other varieties of B. spinulosa it is considered attractive, but is highly variable. Immature leaves, which may also be seen after bushfire, are broader and serrated. The style ends are initially trapped inside the upper perianth parts, but break free at anthesis. cunninghamii in 1822. Informal hedges and screens. collina is a shrub that grows along the east coast of Australia, in Queensland and New South Wales. Banksia spinulosa described, and some information given on cultivation, on pages 114–115. collina (R.Br. collina (R.Br.) [38] As it grows naturally on acid soils, Banksia spinulosa is particularly sensitive to iron deficiency. Banksia spinulosa. collina. 161 Plant Patents", "Hairpin Banksia (Banksia spinulosa) – Variety:'Birthday Candles, "Hairpin Banksia (Banksia spinulosa) – Variety:'Cherry Candles, Department of the Environment and Heritage, Thiele and Ladiges' taxonomic arrangement of, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Banksia_spinulosa&oldid=994961212, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. collina, B. prionotes, B. ericifolia and B. hookeriana (days 6 and 12), all species showed a significant (P < 0.05) interaction between symptom score and Phytophthora species, reflecting the greater susceptibility of most Banksia species to P. cinnamomi than to P. citricola. Synonyms: Banksia spinulosa var. The lack of official names has led to some varieties bearing several different names. Cylindrical golden-toffee flowers in winter, and bushy branches of slender leaves, variable in appearance. Banksia spinulosa var. It is uncertain exactly when he first collected the species; it may have been before 1790, as there is speculation that a sketch in his 1790 Journal of a Voyage to New South Wales is of a B. spinulosa infructescence. Stock: Available $ 4.00. [11] When George Bentham published his 1870 arrangement in Flora Australiensis, he discarded Meissner's series, placing all the species with hooked styles together in a section that he named Oncostylis. Old flower parts usually persist for a long time, giving the infructescence a hairy appearance. It was placed next to B. cunninghamii and B. collina, both now considered varieties of B. spinulosa; these three were placed between B. ericifolia (heath-leaved banksia) and B. occidentalis (red swamp banksia). It was placed immediately after B. cunninghamii (now B. spinulosa var. It has very large, bright flower spikes at 20cm tall. collina - Banksia spinulosa - Banksia ericifolia - Banksia spinulosa var. 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