Bougle used this perspective to focus on key features of caste. of the caste system and the joint family. two . Meaning of Unity and Diversity 1.2. 2 UNIT-I . Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Critics of the twenty-first century have disapproved Hinduism as one of the roots of the system, and as such, India was researched in order to assess the key features of the caste system. The nature of caste system in India can be studied as a social structural system and as a cultural system representing the unique feature of Indian cultures: Social Structural Aspects: The caste system is a hierarchy of values in terms of the concept of purity and impurity. FEATURES OF CASTE SYSTEM The important features of caste as unit are hereditary membership, endogamy, fixed occupation and caste councils, while the features of caste as a system are hierarchy, • APPLIED SOCIOLOGY commercial restrictions and restrictions with regard to physical and social distance. Ghurye, Caste is a system of stratification based on ascriptive pattern and it has six main features/ characteristics. Caste system is an aspect of social stratification. This content is for Sociology Optional members only! papers in the subject: Paper I ... Caste: The caste system: concept, caste origin, caste and class comparison, its features. Meaning and Definition of Caste 2.3. Indo-Aryans reached India about 2500 B.C. In the sociological writings, it is often viewed as a “closed system” of social stratification in which social groups, often divided on the basis of their occupations, strictly follow a code of behavior prescribed by tradition regarding marriage and kinship alliances. These groups determine … Sources of Diversity in India 1.3. Features of Caste System by GS Ghurye. The caste system is associated with Hinduism and it has been governing the Hindu society for ages. Rural Sociology Sunday, April 26, 2015 ... incorrect to say that the whole structure of the Hindu social organization and set up stand on two pillars i.e. The feudal system of medieval Europe was a species of caste system. Caste is used both as a unit and as a system. Introduction. The Caste System: 2.1. SOCIAL STRATIFICATION Unit VII Sociology of Nursing 2. Caste as a system of stratification has been viewed in two ways. But it can be decidedly said that the Varnashram Vyavastha did exist before Caste System. It means that the people of the same caste belonging to the same race. Social stratification 1. Competitive Exams: Main Features of Caste System Varna & Jati. Being hereditary, a person`s caste is not under his control and is something that is pre-determined even before his or her birth. Segmental Division of Society: The caste system divides the whole society into various segments or sections. Further, caste system, is not a monopoly of India. Recently the salient features have been added in studying the covert mind control technique ... group life is the focal point of sociology. It is an open system of stratification. FEATURES OF CASTE SYSTEM. 1. Get top class preparation for UGC right from your home: Get detailed illustrated notes covering entire syllabus: point-by-point for high retention. Factors Contributing to the Unity of India 2. Jajmani System Feature # 7. How castes are actually ranked with respect to one another in … Social Stratification Meaning & types of social stratification. PREFACE TO THE FffiST EDITION In 1921 when studying at Cambridge I chose caste … In India we come across a special type of social stratification in the form of castes. Features of the Caste System. The Indian Caste System – Origin & features. He focused on the need to understand the ideology of caste as reflected in the classical texts, historical examples etc. Origin and Structure of Caste 2.2. Even though this sounds unfair in modern society, the very base of caste system was decided by birth. ADVERTISEMENTS: A caste is a social category whose members are assigned a permanent status within a given social hierarchy and whose contacts are restricted accordingly. In India only a small percentage of the population who comprise of the educated elites, and numerically insignificant people, desire that the caste system should be abolished. Main features of caste system Caste system hierarchically divides the society. The main features of caste system are. class refers to people based on property, business, occupation i.e. The caste system of India does not permit a person to switch between the vertical strata or caste structure (that is an ascribed status) across the social hierarchy, thus making it a closed system. Inherent qualities associated with the caste system. There was a segmental division of society in which they were classified in several units called as caste. The origin of the word caste found differently. FEATURES OF CASTE AS A SYSTEM Hierarchy Based on Wealth No two castes have an … i) hierarchy, ii) endogamy, iii) association with a hereditary occupation, iv) restrictions on food and social intercourse, v) distinction in custom, dress and speech, and. SOCIOLOGY (854) CLASS XII . Status can be either achieved or ascribed. Meaning of Caste System. 1. Integration of Castes: Jajmani system leads to the integration of castes. It indicates a process of cultural mobility that is taking place in the traditional social system … The term refers to a process whereby people of lower castes collectively try to adopt upper caste practices and beliefs to acquire higher status. Hierarchy system was evolved in those times. one can't change his own caste system by can change the class system & can be a member of many classes at the same time. Social Mobility – Meaning & types. The Caste System took its birth after the arrival of Aryans in India. Subject: Sociology (Optional) Topic: Caste System (a) Perspectives on the Study of Caste Systems, G.S. CHAPTER 1 Features of" the Caste System 1 CHAPTER 2 Nature of Caste Groups 31 CHAPTER 3 Caste through the Ages 4~ CHAPTER 4 Caste through the Ages (II) 76 ... University Department of Sociology, Bombay, 12-12-1956. The Brahmins are placed at the top of the hierarchy and are regarded as pure or supreme. There have been 2800 different castes found in India and they have their own set of norms and beliefs. A person who lived in a caste society was socialized to accept his or her social standing. MA SOCIOLOGY PAPER- VI Perspectives of Indian Society-II . He explained that Hindu social order doesn’t recognize equality, liberty and fraternity. The caste system in India consists of two different concepts namely Jati and Varna.. Start studying Sociology Ch 10 Caste Systems. Certain ethnic groups such as Jews and Negroes are still treated as castes in … 3 Contents 1. Class system, on the contrary, is an open system which allows vertical and horizontal mobility. G.S. 1. According to G.S. A sense of highness and lowness or superiority and inferiority is associated with this gradation or ranking. It is the most rigid and clearly graded type of social stratification. Login JOIN NOW Sociology: Caste System in India: Definition and Changes in Caste System Get unlimited access to the best preparation resource for CBSE/Class-12 Accountancy: fully solved questions with step-by-step explanation - practice your way to success. Membership of class is primarily based on achieved status. Ghurye has proposed six main characteristics of caste system. Definition; Theory of Divine Origin; characteristics of caste. Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille (b) Features of Caste System (c) Untouchability - Forms and Perspectives. • The caste system is a social hierarchy in which society is divided into groups. THE ORIGINS OF CASTE SYSTEM Though there are several theories, opinions and beliefs in this regard, the exact origin of caste cannot be traced. Although the caste system in India has been officially dismantled, its residual presence in Indian society is deeply embedded. As a unit, caste is defined as ‘a closed -rank status group.’ As a system, caste refers to collectivity of restrictions, namely, restrictions on change of membership, occupation, marriage and communal and social relations. The caste system originates from societal tenets. The term caste used to present race or breed of a person. Race as a biological concept, criteria of racial classification. Caste is popularly understood as a uniquely Indian and Hindu system of social organization. [Sociology] Features of caste system. The third principle is that interaction of people is limited to the people that belongs to the same caste. Social Class System and Status. Ghurye, M.N. 2 Caste System • The word caste is derived from the Portuguese casta meaning lineage, breed, or race. Sharply contrasted with […] The second feature of Hindu social order is that the occupations of people are inherited. Caste system ppt 1. Each of these castes is a well developed social group, the … Dumont felt that the study of the caste system is useful for the knowledge of India, and it is an important task of general sociology. Unity and Diversity: 1.1. Caste systems promote beliefs in fate, destiny, and the will of a higher power, rather than promoting individual freedom as a value. Competitive Exams sociology notes on varna and jatis in India. It has also often been referred to as the extreme form of closed class system. Social mobility is relatively easy. Definition of Caste System. Traditional features of caste. Our channel is the only channel on YouTube that has complete General Studies uploaded Free of Cost for Everyone. on the part of various caste groups. Ambedkar analysed complex caste system and its essential features. This fact has been rightly pointed out by K.M. There will be . Features of Caste System in India Today. Segmental division of society: The caste system divides the whole society into various segments or sections. The following are the distinctive features of a caste system: Hereditary: Caste system is a hereditary phenomenon. Social mobility - brahminisation, Prof M. N Srinivas introduced the term sanskritization to Indian Sociology. The operation of Indian political system bears the big and deep influence of such social factors as family, kinship, caste, religion, culture, socialisation process, race, language, class and others. According to Mazumdar & Madan – 'Caste is a closed class' i.e. In other books the term caste was derived from from Spanish word “Casta” meaning breed or race. Social stratification is the one Features of class: As opposed to caste system, class does not have any religious or legal sanction. Interconnectedness within different castes is reflected through the joint celebrations of festivals such as Hoh, Kumar Punima, observation of Raja Sankranti etc. A student of Political Science has to depend upon Sociology for understanding the nature of these factors and their role in society and politics. Some says that “caste” meaning lineage. Caste as a System of Stratification: Caste refers to inequalities in terms of social honour/prestige. vi) civil and religious disabilities and privileges enjoyed by different sections. The Caste System India 2. It existed and still exists in many parts of the world. Open system which allows vertical and horizontal mobility, breed, or race viewed in ways. Special type of social stratification is the one Features of caste Systems, G.S of people are inherited vocabulary terms. Based on ascriptive pattern and it has six main features/ characteristics a caste society socialized! 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